CHAOS OF CORONA AND ITS COMBAT
The Heath ministry of India on March 14 reports that number of confirmed coronavirus cases have risen to 84 and more than 4,000 people who had come in contact with 84 positive cases are under surveillance.
WHAT IS CORONAVIRUS?
The coronavirus is a family of viruses that can cause a range of illnesses in humans and mammals including common cold and more severe forms like SARS and MERS which are life-threatening. The virus is named after its shape which takes the form of a crown with protrusions around it and hence is known as coronavirus.
Coronaviruses were first discovered in the 1960s. The earliest ones discovered were an infectious bronchitis virus in chickens and two in human patients with the common cold. In 2019, the Wuhan strain has been identified as a new strain of Betacoronavirus from group 2B with approximately 70% genetic similarity to the SARS-CoV. The virus has a 96% similarity to a bat coronavirus, so it is widely suspected to originate from bats as well. The pandemic has resulted in serious travel restrictions.
HOW DOES CORONA VIRUS SPREAD?
Person-to-person contact is thought to be the main method of transmission for the SARS-CoV-2 virus. People are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest). Some spread might be possible before people show symptoms; there have been reports of this occurring with this new coronavirus, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.
Researchers believe that the viruses transmit via fluids in the respiratory system, such as mucus. Coronaviruses commonly spread through coughing and sneezing or touching or shaking hands with a person infected with such virus. Also making contact with a surface or object that has virus can also be a mode of transmission. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggest that young children, pregnant women and people aged 65 years and above are more prone to Covid-19.
Cold- or flu-like symptoms usually set in from 2–4 days after a coronavirus infection and are typically mild. However, symptoms vary from person-to-person, and some forms of the virus can be fatal. Symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, fatigue, cough, fever in rare cases, sore throat or exacerbated asthma. Scientists cannot easily cultivate human coronaviruses in the laboratory unlike the rhinovirus, which is another cause of the common cold. This makes it difficult to gauge the impact of the coronavirus on national economies and public health.
People can take several steps, including: resting and avoiding overexertion, drinking enough water, avoiding smoking and smoky areas, taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen for pain and fever, using a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer. Furthermore a doctor can diagnose the virus responsible by taking a sample of respiratory fluids, such as mucus from the nose, or blood.
"Sunlight will cut the virus's ability to grow in half, so the half-life will be 2.5 minutes, and in the dark it's about 13 to 20 [minutes]. Sunlight is really good at killing viruses," Nicholls said. it is a known fact that exposure to UV radiation or sunlight is recognized to suppress cell-mediated immunity and therefore could adversely decrease the effect of viral infections in a human body.
often medicines and remedies that are found in the hospital can be found at home instead. Home remedies like ginger, turmeric, spinach, Indian amala and garlic must be used extensively in the kitchen to combat Covid-19